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Miscarriage/Pregnancy Loss: Most Popular Articles

These articles are the most popular over the last month.
What Is a Chemical Pregnancy?
Despite the name, a chemical pregnancy is not a false pregnancy or a false positive on a pregnancy test -- it is a very early miscarriage. Doctors believe chemical pregnancies are usually caused by chromosomal abnormalities.
What Are the Signs You Might Have a Miscarriage?
Worried about miscarriage? Learn the signs and symptoms that may indicate pregnancy loss. If you experience vaginal bleeding or pain in your lower abdomen, or if you're in the second or third trimester and you are not feeling your baby move, be sure to call your doctor.
'No Fetal Pole' Doesn't Always Mean Miscarriage
The fetal pole is the early developing baby when it first becomes visible in the uterus on an ultrasound. Usually an ultrasound will pick up the fetal pole by 5 to 6 weeks gestational age. If there's an empty gestational sac, it might be a miscarriage but might also be the pregnancy is just not far enough along to see the fetal pole.
Effects of Premature Birth on Babies
Most sources define the point of viability in pregnancy as being around 24 weeks. This is the point at which a baby has a decent chance of survival if born prematurely. Other factors, such as birth weight and treatment with steroids before birth, can also affect whether or not a premature baby survives.
Can You Have a Miscarriage With No Symptoms?
It is quite possible to be diagnosed with a miscarriage without having bleeding, cramping, or other obvious symptoms. A miscarriage with no bleeding usually means the diagnosis has come before the body has recognized that the baby has died.
What Does an Early Miscarriage Look Like?
In early pregnancy, miscarriage symptoms would generally include spotting, vaginal bleeding, and possibly cramping. Doctors may call this a chemical pregnancy.
How Do hCG Levels Affect Miscarriage in Early...
In very early pregnancy, doctors may use serial quantitative hCG blood tests to compare levels of hCG over two to three days. This is a common means of investigating miscarriage symptoms to check whether or not a pregnancy is viable.
Signs You’ve Had an Incomplete Miscarriage
An incomplete miscarriage is when tissue from the pregnancy remains in the uterus. Learn more about the symptoms and treatment of this condition.
What Do Miscarriage Statistics Really Mean?
Confused about miscarriage statistics? You're not alone. Here's how to make sense of the most commonly cited statistics about the risk of miscarriage.
False Positive After a Miscarriage: What Does...
It can take some time for your hCG levels to return to zero after you have had a miscarriage, so it is normal if you are still getting a positive pregnancy test in the first week or two following your miscarriage.
Pregnant? Here's What You Should Know About...
Bleeding during pregnancy can be a sign of miscarriage but another possible explanation is a subchorionic hematoma, a type of bleeding between the placenta and the wall of the uterus. A pregnancy with a subchorionic hematoma faces an increased risk of miscarriage but can also go on to be viable.
Signs of a Miscarriage: What You Should Know
Signs and symptoms of miscarriage are rarely definitive, especially for first-trimester miscarriage, and it is not always easy to tell for sure if you have had a miscarriage. Learn how to interpret your signs and symptoms, and find out what tests your doctor might use.
What Does It Mean if There’s No Yolk Sac...
When an ultrasound shows no yolk sac inside the gestational sac, the pregnancy is either too early for the yolk sac to be seen or a miscarriage has occurred.
How Is a Miscarriage Diagnosed?
Worried about miscarriage? If you are experiencing vaginal bleeding or other miscarriage symptoms, learn about the tests doctors use to diagnose pregnancy losses, such as hCG doubling times, transvaginal ultrasounds, and fetal heart rate monitoring.
Is Spot Bleeding During Early Pregnancy Normal?
Light vaginal bleeding, or spotting, in early pregnancy may be due to implantation bleeding and may not necessarily be a sign of miscarriage. Learn what implantation bleeding looks like, when it occurs and how to distinguish implantation bleeding from an early miscarriage.
What to Expect From a D&C for Early...
A D&C, or dilation and curettage, is a treatment for diagnosed miscarriages in the first trimester. The surgery clears the uterus and ends the physical part of miscarriage, shortening bleeding times and avoiding a potentially long wait for miscarriage bleeding to begin.
Are My Pregnancy Cramps Normal?
Early pregnancy cramps frequently occur in normal pregnancies and are usually not a sign of problems, but in some cases it's a good idea to call your doctor to be on the safe side.
Trisomy 9
Trisomy 9 is a serious chromosome disorder that, when present, usually ends in first-trimester miscarriage. When detected prenatally via CVS or amniocentesis, the odds are that the condition is mosaic rather than full trisomy 9 but the prognosis for the baby is uncertain.
Is Loss of Pregnancy Symptoms a Sign of...
Pregnancy symptoms can fade, fluctuate, or disappear entirely even in a normal pregnancy -- so loss of pregnancy symptoms of disappearing morning sickness is not necessarily a miscarriage symptom.
What Are Missed Miscarriage Symptoms?
Most women do not have warning signs of a missed miscarriage -- and as a result the diagnosis can catch you off guard. Possible missed miscarriage symptoms can include loss of pregnancy symptoms or lack of a fetal heartbeat on ultrasound.
10 Things You Didn't Know About Miscarriage
While there is a lot of information on the Internet about miscarriage, here is a list of the top 10 things you didn't know about pregnancy loss.
When Should Women Worry About Decreased Baby...
If you are worried your baby is not moving as much as usual or have other concerns about decreased fetal movement, call your doctor right away for advice.
4 Symptoms of a Post-Miscarriage Infection
Whether women choose D & C, natural miscarriage, or medically expedited management after receiving a miscarriage diagnosis, there is a small chance that retained tissue in the uterus could lead to an infection. Learn the symptoms of a post-miscarriage infection.
When Should the Gestational Sac Be Visible on...
What does it mean when an early pregnancy ultrasound shows no gestational sac in the uterus? Possible explanations could be ectopic pregnancy, early miscarriage, or a normal pregnancy that is still in very early stages.
What Is Your Risk of Miscarriage?
There are so many statistics floating around out there on miscarriage rates. Which are the most accurate?
At What Point Should an Ultrasound Detect a...
Naturally it is quite scary to be told your baby has no heartbeat. But on an early ultrasound, it can be normal to see no fetal heartbeat, although it can also be a sign of missed miscarriage or blighted ovum.
How Long Should You Wait to Have Sex After a...
Doctors usually advise abstaining from sexual activity for one to two weeks following a miscarriage because of increased chances of gynecological infections during the miscarriage bleeding.
How Soon After a D&C Procedure Will You Get...
The wait for the return of your period after D&C can be frustrating, especially if you are hoping to begin trying to conceive after a miscarriage. Find out the normal time for resumption of menstruation and what to do if you haven't had a period within a few months.
Can You Still Have Pregnancy Symptoms After a...
It can take some time for your hormone levels to return to normal following a miscarriage, so it is not uncommon to still feel pregnancy symptoms for a few weeks after a miscarriage.
What Should You Expect From Your First...
Although widely considered the most accurate means of dating an early pregnancy, ultrasound results can be confusing when trying to confirm or rule out a miscarriage. Let's take a look at what you can and cannot determine from an ultrasound in early pregnancy, and whether an empty gestational sac or no fetal heartbeat means miscarriage.
Are Low hCG Levels in Early Pregnancy a Sign of...
Doctors often check levels of hCG, a pregnancy hormone, to investigate miscarriage symptoms in early pregnancy. Low levels of hCG in two consecutive hCG blood tests can be a cause for concern, but a single low level does not give much information on whether or not the pregnancy is viable.
Can Problems with Sperm Cause Miscarriages?
Chromosome abnormalities are widely recognized as the leading cause of early miscarriages, and the problem usually originates before fertilization. Is it possible that the sperm could be the source of miscarriage-causing chromosome abnormalities? Can men affect the chromosomal integrity of their sperm?
How Early Can You See Your Baby on an Ultrasound?
Find out when the gestational sac is supposed to become visible on an early pregnancy ultrasound.
How to Tell if You've Had a Missed Miscarriage
A missed miscarriage is a pregnancy loss, usually in the first trimester, in which the doctor diagnoses the miscarriage based on lab results or other clinical evidence but the woman has not have definite miscarriage symptoms.
Is Cramping in Early Pregnancy a Sign of...
Many women worry about cramping during pregnancy. Although early pregnancy cramps can occur in a miscarriage, mild cramping on its own is not necessarily a sign or symptom of miscarriage. Severe abdominal cramping, however, can be an ectopic pregnancy symptom. Cramping accompanied by vaginal bleeding is more likely to mean a miscarriage.
Miscarriage Symptoms
Spotting or bleeding in early pregnancy is often the first sign of a miscarriage, but there may also be other signs of an impending miscarriage, such as falling hCG levels.
Can Your Birth Control Pills Cause a Miscarriage?
There is conflicting research on whether long-term use of oral contraceptives increases the risk of miscarriage in a future pregnancy. Researchers do not yet know the answer. Pregnancies accidentally conceived while on birth control do not seem at increased risk.
Can Drinking Alcohol in Early Pregnancy Cause a...
Alcohol and pregnancy doesn't mix, and drinking during pregnancy can cause numerous problems. Occasionally drinking alcohol doesn't seem to be linked to miscarriage specifically. Regular alcohol intake may be linked with miscarriage risk.
7 Potential Complications After a Miscarriage
Most of the time, a first-trimester miscarriage doesn't lead to serious long-term physical problems, but sometimes complications can arise.
How You Can Handle a Threatened Miscarriage
Doctors use the term threatened miscarriage for women who experience bleeding in pregnancy (or other miscarriage symptoms) but the cervix is still closed. In these cases, finding out whether or not the signs mean miscarriage might mean waiting a few days to a week for hCG or ultrasound test results.
Is Miscarriage More Common in a Bicornuate...
A bicornuate, or heart-shaped, uterus is one type of congenital uterine malformation that can be associated with pregnancy loss, although not usually first-trimester miscarriages. Septate uteri are frequently misdiagnosed as bicornuate uteri.
What Are Normal hCG Levels in Early Pregnancy?
It's hard to pinpoint a normal hCG level at any point in pregnancy, since what is normal varies by the person and the situation. Two hCG levels taken over two to three days will provide more useful information in terms of miscarriage symptoms than a single measurement.
Can Constipation or Diarrhea Cause a Miscarriage?
The cramping and abdominal pain associated with diarrhea and constipation can feel like your pregnancy is in danger. Learn the facts about changes in your bowel habits while you're pregnant.
Can the Baby Be Saved in an Ectopic Pregnancy?
An ectopic pregnancy, sometimes called a tubal pregnancy, must be terminated nearly 100% of the time in order to prevent major health risks to the mother. Untreated ectopic pregnancies that rupture may be fatal.
My Morning Sickness Suddenly Stopped. Is That a...
Although nausea and other pregnancy symptoms usually last until around the end of the first trimester, suddenly disappearing morning sickness or nausea is not necessarily a sign of miscarriage.
How Much Cramping and Pain Is Normal During a...
The amount of pain and lower abdominal cramping during a first trimester miscarriage tends to vary by how far along the pregnancy was when the miscarriage happened and other individual circumstances. Severe pain could by a symptom of ectopic pregnancy.
Is It Normal to Bleed During Your First...
Spotting or bleeding in early pregnancy can be a symptom of miscarriage, but it does not always mean pregnancy loss. Call your doctor when concerned about possible signs of an early miscarriage.
Early Pregnancy: What Do Your hCG Levels Mean?
In early pregnancy, doctors often use serial tests of the pregnancy hormone hCG to gather clues about how the pregnancy is progressing. Sometimes, checking whether or not the hCG level is going up or down can provide information about whether or not a woman will miscarry, especially if she has miscarriage symptoms. But if you're not a doctor, early pregnancy hCG levels can be confusing.
What Should You Do if You Have Ectopic...
Learn more about ectopic pregnancies and what to do if you find yourself with the symptoms and whether you should consult a physician.
What Should I Do If I Have No Period After...
It can take some time for your monthly menstrual cycles to resume following a miscarriages, but if more than three months have passed with no period after miscarriage, it's time to talk to your doctor.
Is a Slow Fetal Heart Rate a Sign of Miscarriage?
A slow heart rate in a developing baby is cause for concern, but it's impossible to tell without waiting for a followup ultrasound whether the pregnancy will end in miscarriage or continue to term.
Can Falling During Pregnancy Cause a Miscarriage?
Even though it happens in movies, falling down during the first trimester is not likely to cause a miscarriage. A fall or other physical trauma, such as a car accident in the second or third trimester, however, could cause pregnancy loss.
Are Stomach Pains Normal During Pregnancy?
Stomach pains, in the true sense of the word, are usually not a miscarriage symptom. The cramps associated with miscarriage are more likely to be centered in the lower abdomen or lower back. However, stomach pains should be mentioned to a doctor, and call a doctor right away if pains are severe, as ectopic pregnancy should be ruled out.
The Truth About What Does and Does Not Increase...
There's a lot of confusing information about miscarriage causes and risk factors, and no one seems to quite agree on what's myth and what's truth. Here is your guide to the real story on various claims about what can and cannot cause a miscarriage.
How to Choose the Miscarriage Treatment That's...
After diagnosing a miscarriage, your doctor may ask whether you want a D&C or whether you want to wait for the miscarriage to happen naturally. You may also have the option of taking medication to speed up the process. Each pregnancy loss treatment choice has pros and cons, and different women have different preferences.
How Long Does Bleeding Last After a Miscarriage?
The number of days of vaginal bleeding after a miscarriage varies for each woman, but it should stop within about two weeks of the pregnancy loss in most cases.
What Is an Ectopic Pregnancy and What Are the...
Ectopic pregnancies, sometimes called tubal pregnancies, happen when a fertilized egg implants someplace other than in the uterus, such as the fallopian tubes. Symptoms of ectopic pregnancy include severe abdominal cramping and dizziness.
What Is Blighted Ovum and What Are the Causes?
A blighted ovum is a miscarriage in which the baby does not develop, but a gestational sac continues to grow and the woman may continue to experience pregnancy symptoms. A blighted ovum can be a missed miscarriage treated via D & C or may end naturally.
Can This Hormone Prevent Miscarriages?
Progesterone supplements are often used to treat women who have low progesterone levels and who have a history of recurrent miscarriages, but the supplements are the subject of controversy. Learn why some doctors prescribe progesterone for recurrent miscarriages and others do not.
What to Expect From an Ultrasound for Suspected...
Ultrasounds are a common test for suspected pregnancy loss or threatened miscarriage. By using an ultrasound, a doctor can get an image of the gestational sac and the developing baby's heartbeat in order to determine whether or not the pregnancy is viable.
Is Miscarriage Imminent If hCG Is Not Doubling?
If blood tests show that your hCG is not doubling, this may or may not be a sign of miscarriage. Your hCG levels should always increase during the first trimester if your pregnancy is viable, but in some cases a pregnancy might be normal even if the hCG is not doubling.
Are Low hCG Levels a Sign of a Miscarraige?
Drops in hCG levels in early pregnancy and during the first trimester are usually not a good sign; this can be a sign of impending miscarriage.
How You Can Deal With an Early Miscarriage
Signs and symptoms of an early miscarriage would include bleeding after a positive pregnancy test, cramping, and possibly loss of pregnancy symptoms. Find out what to do if you think you are having an early miscarriage.
Are Ultrasounds an Accurate Way to Find a...
An ultrasound is an accurate tool for finding the baby's heartbeat as long as the pregnancy is far enough along for the heartbeat to be visible. When an ultrasound finds no fetal heartbeat in a pregnancy that is definitely beyond 7 or 8 weeks of gestation, the results always mean miscarriage.
Early Miscarriage: What You Need to Know
First-trimester miscarriage, sometimes called spontaneous abortion, is very common but also heartbreaking for most moms. It's normal to have a lot of questions about signs of miscarriage, diagnosis, miscarriage causes, treatment, and risk factors. Find out answers here.
Signs That You Might Have Incompetent Cervix...
Incompetent cervix, also called cervical insufficiency, is one of few recognized causes of recurrent miscarriages in the second trimester. But it can be tricky to diagnose cervical insufficiency and there's a lot of uncertainty in the research.
Trisomy 16
Trisomy 16 is a serious chromosome disorder that usually causes first-trimester miscarriage when it's present. Babies with mosaic trisomy 16 can sometimes survive to birth. Some studies claim that trisomy 16 is the most frequent chromosomal cause of miscarriage.
Is a Lighter Colored Home Pregnancy Test Line a...
Analyzing the color of the line on a home pregnancy test is not a reliable way to determine whether or not you are miscarrying. Taking two consecutive home pregnancy tests to check the color will not tell you whether your hCG is rising appropriately.
Why Do Chromosomal Abnormalities Cause...
Miscarriages are usually blamed on chromosomal abnormalities, but why exactly do problems in the chromosomes lead to miscarriage in some cases while babies can be born with chromosomal disorders in other cases? Researchers aren't 100% sure.
Can I Use Tampons After an Early Miscarriage?
There's no specific evidence showing that tampons are dangerous after a miscarriage, but doctors usually advise women to use menstrual pads for the bleeding due to a possible risk of infection. After an early miscarriage/chemical pregnancy, you might wonder about the safety of tampons.
How Much Miscarriage Bleeding is Normal?
Normal bleeding after a miscarriage can sometimes be surprisingly heavy, but make sure that you seek medical attention if you have any suspicion you might be hemorrhaging.
Do You Need a RhoGAM Shot After a Miscarriage?
Women who are Rh negative often wonder if they need Rh immune globulin, such as RhoGAM, after having first-trimester miscarriages or ectopic pregnancies. Most doctors recommend RhoGAM shots to women after miscarriage because of theoretical risk of Rh sensitization.
What Does Miscarriage Tissue Look Like?
One particularly troubling aspect of having a miscarriage can be the experience of passing tissue or large blot clots during the associated vaginal bleeding. The miscarriage tissue may or may not be recognizable, depending on how far along the pregnancy was at the time of the miscarriage.
What Causes Second Trimester Miscarriages?
Late miscarriages, such as those in the second trimester, can happen for a number of reasons. Causes might be chromosomal abnormalities, cervical insufficiency, congenital birth defects, placental problems, or other factors.
Can Ultrasounds Accurately Predict Your Due Date?
Sometimes the due dates estimated by an early ultrasound don't match the expected due date based on the last menstrual period. This is usually not a sign of a problem with the pregnancy.
Do You Have a Risk of Miscarriage After a...
The scariest part of trying again after a pregnancy loss is facing the chances of a second miscarriage. Usually the odds of miscarriage don't increase much after having just one previous miscarriage.
Can Low-Dose Aspirin Prevent Miscarriages?
Baby aspirin, or low-dose aspirin, is a possible treatment of recurrent miscarriages. Right now, there is evidence that using baby aspirin in pregnancy helps women with blood clotting disorders when used along with heparin. Researchers are investigating whether it might help women without diagnosed thrombophilia disorders.
4 Ways to Diagnose a Miscarriage
If you are experiencing miscarriage symptoms, you should definitely go to your doctor to see what's going on. Learn about some of the tests your doctor might use to make a diagnosis.
Is There Risk of Miscarriage if I Get Pregnant...
IUDs are usually effective at preventing pregnancy, but if you become pregnant with an IUD, tell your doctor right away. Ectopic pregnancy needs to be ruled out, and there's an elevated risk of miscarriage and other complications. The IUD will probably need to be removed immediately.
What Medications Can Help Manage a Miscarriage?
Medication can be an alternative to D&C for managing a missed or incomplete miscarriage when the woman prefers not to wait for a natural miscarriage.
Testing for Chromosome Abnormalities in a...
After a miscarriage, parents may choose to run a karyotype or chromosome microarray analysis test on the baby's tissue to confirm or rule out chromosome disorders as the cause of the miscarriage. Chromosome testing may be of particular interest in couples having multiple miscarriages.
What Should You Do if You Suspect a Miscarriage?
Miscarriage symptoms, such as vaginal bleeding or spotting in early pregnancy, often send women to the emergency room. Sadly, however, emergency room doctors can almost never do anything to stop a miscarriage that's in progress.
Is It Safe to Ride a Roller Coaster While I'm...
Riding a roller coaster before you find out that you are pregnant is not likely to cause a first-trimester miscarriage, but to be on the safe side, it is best to avoid riding the roller coaster after you learn of your pregnancy.
How Soon Can You Get Pregnant After a...
Theoretically it may be possible to conceive and get pregnant again a mere two weeks after a miscarriage, but menstruation resumes at different types for different women. You should use contraception if you do not want to be pregnant again right away or if your doctor has advised you to wait.
When Can Ultrasound Results Mean a Miscarriage...
Ultrasound results in early pregnancy can be confusing -- sometimes it is not clear whether the results mean a blighted ovum or missed miscarriage or simply early stages of a normal pregnancy. Learn what one medical body uses as criteria for diagnosing miscarriage from an ultrasound.
Turner Syndrome (Monosomy X) and Pregnancy Loss
Although babies born with Turner Syndrome have a reasonably good prognosis and can live normal lives, this chromosome disorder caused by Monosomy X is frequently found in babies lost during pregnancy to miscarriage or stillbirth.
Chromosomal Abnormalities Causing Miscarriage
According to research, random chromosomal abnormalities are the culprit in most miscarriages and in many stillbirths. But what causes the chromosomal abnormalities themselves? Parental age is one risk factor but evidence is mixed on others.
When Do Most Miscarriages Occur?
The vast majority of miscarriages happen in early pregnancy. The statistics suggest that the risk of pregnancy loss goes down significantly after 12 weeks. Seeing a heartbeat on an ultrasound also puts the pregnancy into a lower risk category.
Are There Any Medications I Can Take to Stop...
After a pregnancy loss, some women don't want to deal with the lactation reflex that makes their milk come in, so they're looking for a quick solution. Learn more about medications that may help decrease your milk supply.
Are You at Risk of Miscarriage?
Many women wonder when the odds of miscarriage go down, but the truth is that there isn't one single answer for all women. Miscarriage statistics vary by groups and factors. Figure out your miscarriage risk with these steps.
Is a Miscarriage Less Likely Once a Heartbeat...
The risk of miscarriage drops after a doctor is able to detect the baby's heartbeat on an ultrasound, but the amount of decreased risk depends on other risk factors. Find out the different statistics for pregnancy loss after seeing a heartbeat.
57 Moving Quotes About Pregnancy Loss
A collection of quotes for parents to use in announcements, memorial services, or other creative memorials. Quotes from poetry, prose, famous people, Scripture, and other sources.
6 Causes of Stillbirth
Women who experience a late miscarriage or stillbirth usually want to know why it happened, but stillbirth causes can be hard to pinpoint. There are some factors known to cause or increase risk of stillbirth, but most of these devastating losses are never explained.
How Do Doctors Diagnose Ectopic or Tubal...
It's not always obvious when a pregnancy is ectopic, and many people do not have symptoms until the tubal pregnancy has become an emergency. Here is how doctors determine whether a pregnancy is ectopic.
Early Pregnancy Signs
Deciphering your early pregnancy signs can be confusing, especially when you're pregnant after miscarriage, and it's sometimes hard to figure out which symptoms are normal and which are not.
Will Taking Plan B Cause a Miscarriage?
Although emergency contraception (plan B) can prevent a pregnancy after sexual intercourse, it will not induce a miscarriage or affect an established pregnancy.
When Does Bleeding Occur After a Miscarriage is...
When doctors diagnose a miscarriage, it's impossible to say exactly how long it will take until the process is complete -- but for the majority of women, it will be over within two weeks after the diagnosis. A missed miscarriage or blighted ovum might take longer to miscarry.
What Are the Normal hCG Doubling Times in Early...
Doctors sometimes check the hCG doubling times for patients worried about miscarriage symptoms, such as bleeding during pregnancy in the early weeks. If the hCG doubles every two to three days, that is a reassuring sign that the pregnancy may be viable.
What You Should Know About Miscarriage and...
Miscarriage causes are not well understood by the medical community, but if you have had a recent loss, you are probably curious what may have caused it. Read a short overview of the most common known and suspected factors that contribute to miscarriage and pregnancy loss.
What Does Pregnant Spotting Look Like?
Spotting is a lay term for light vaginal bleeding during pregnancy. Pregnancy spotting that is light in quantity and color is more likely to mean implantation bleeding or other non-worrisome causes, whereas bleeding that is heavier and like a menstrual period, is more likely to be miscarriage bleeding.
Viable Pregnancy (Viability)
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Umbilical Cord Accidents and Stillbirth
An umbilical cord accident means something happened to disrupt the blood flow to the baby during pregnancy, possibly causing stillbirth or disabilities such as cerebral palsy. Unfortunately, umbilical cord accidents usually cannot be prevented.
11 Tests to Find the Cause of Recurrent...
Women who have had multiple miscarriages should see a doctor for testing for possible causes. About half the time, doctors can find a possibly treatable medical problem that may have caused the recurrent miscarriages.
Gestational Sac
The gestational sac is where a baby develops in the uterus during pregnancy. The sac encloses the baby and amniotic fluid, and the placenta attaches the sac to the uterine lining.
9 Causes of Bleeding in Your First Trimester
Somewhere around 30% of all pregnant women have some sort of bleeding during pregnancy, most commonly in the first trimester. Although miscarriage is one possible explanation for first-trimester bleeding, it isn't the only possible reason.
How Is a Stillborn Baby Delivered?
In the case of a stillbirth or fetal demise, a woman must still undergo labor or a c-section to deliver her baby. Common questions about delivering a stillborn child (fetal demise) are answered. Why do I have to deliver the baby? Will it hurt even though my baby isn't alive? What happens at the hospital? How will my labor be different? And others.
Parental Karyotype Tests
Because so many miscarriages are caused by chromosome problems, your doctor may suggest that you and your partner have karyotype tests performed as a part of the evaluation to look for causes of your recurrent miscarriages. The value of the test is not clear, however, in many cases.
10 Common Recovery Questions After a Miscarriage
The physical process of miscarriage takes up to two weeks, and your body should be back to normal within about three months, depending on how far along your pregnancy was at the time of the miscarriage. These are some common questions about physical recovery after a miscarriage.
Can Smoking During Pregnancy Cause Miscarriage?
Smoking in pregnancy is one of the few miscarriage risk factors that is under your control. Evidence suggests that smoking and even exposure to secondhand smoke can increase the risk of miscarriage or stillbirth.
Bacterial and Viral Infections Linked to...
Certain bacterial and viral infections, such as chlamydia and parvovirus B19 (fifth disease), can be linked to pregnancy loss.
Understanding the Role of Diabetes in Miscarriage
All types of diabetes have been linked with pregnancy loss. Explore the different types of diabetes, their effects on pregnancy, and effective treatments for diabetes during pregnancy.
Chromosomal Abnormality
The term chromosomal abnormality, as it pertains to miscarriage and pregnancy loss, means that a developing baby has an incorrect number of chromosomes or chromosomes with missing or extra pieces.
Did My Miscarriage Happen Because I'm Rh...
Rh negative women who suffer miscarriages often wonder whether their Rh status might have been responsible. Although Rh sensitization can cause problems later in pregnancy and can increase risk of stillbirth, Rh sensitization does not typically cause first-trimester miscarriages.
Should You Get a Gift for Someone Who Has Had a...
Looking for a good gift for someone who has had a miscarriage or stillbirth? Pregnancy loss cards, miscarriage jewelry, charitable donations, and planting a tree are all good ideas for how to offer show sympathy and honor your friend, coworker, or relative's baby.
Miscarriage Management
When miscarriage does not involve a medical emergency, women sometimes can choose which type of medical management they prefer, and some women prefer to let nature take its course and miscarry without any type of intervention. Choosing this approach has definite pros and cons. Page 2.
6 Warning Signs of a Problem in Pregnancy
It's easy to get confused about when to call the doctor. You don't want to be a bother, or go to the hospital unnecessarily, but how could you live with yourself if you ignored something serious? Here are 6 times you should definitely call the doctor.
What to Do if Your Baby Is Not Kicking
In the third trimester, sudden reduction of fetal movement can be an early warning sign of a problem. Learn how kick counts can help you screen for changes in your baby's movement patterns.
4 Symptoms of Intrauterine Adhesions
D&Cs usually don't cause serious complications, but it's possible to develop adhesions or scarring in the uterus, which can then lead to infertility or multiple miscarriages.
5 Causes of Recurrent Miscarriages
Recurrent miscarriages may have a variety of causes, ranging from anatomical/uterine problems to autoimmune disorders to hormonal imbalances. The medical community does not always agree on some theorized miscarriage causes. This article offers an overview of the different factors thought to play a role in recurrent pregnancy loss.
Balanced Translocation and Recurrent Miscarriages
Balanced translocation, also called reciprocal translocation, is a type of chromosomal abnormality that can cause recurrent miscarriages in some couples. Balanced translocation means that sections of two chromosomes have switched places.
What Happens During a Miscarriage?
By the time miscarriage symptoms appear, what is happening in the body during a miscarriage is that the body has recognized a nonviable pregnancy and begun shedding the uterine lining. In the majority of cases, the baby's heartbeat has already stopped before the physical process begins.
Ectopic Pregnancy Symptoms
It's important to see a doctor right away if you're having tubal pregnancy symptoms, as ectopic pregnancies can be life threatening when they are allowed to continue without treatment.
What Is a Stillbirth and What Are the Risk...
If you have had a stillbirth, or if you are trying to support someone through a stillbirth, this article contains answers to the most common questions about why stillbirths happen and issues that arise in the aftermath of having a stillborn baby.
How Long Does It Take for hCG To Drop to Zero...
Your hCG level does not fall to zero immediately after a miscarriage; it can take some weeks to return to pre-pregnancy levels.
8 Worrisome Signs That May Not Mean You're...
Many early pregnancy concerns are not conclusive signs of a miscarriage or pregnancy loss. Learn the eight signs you may not have to worry about.
Should I Worry If My hCG Level is Slow Rising...
Slow-rising hCG levels can be a sign of problems, such as impending miscarriage or a symptom of ectopic pregnancy, but as many as 15% of normal pregnancies may begin with slow-rising hCG levels. Stay in touch with your doctor if you are concerned about slow-rising hCG levels.
MTHFR and Recurrent Miscarriages - What's the...
MTHFR gene mutations can increase the risk of high homocysteine and might increase the risk of blood clots. Some doctors test for and treat common MTHFR gene variants as a risk factor for recurrent miscarriages, while others consider MTHFR tests worthless in treating miscarriages. What gives?
Femur Length (FL)
The femur length (FL) in a pregnancy ultrasound measures the length in centimeters of the femur bone in the developing baby. The femur length may be a factor in calculating the dates for a pregnancy or monitoring growth.
Heterotopic Pregnancy
A heterotopic pregnancy is a situation in which there is an ectopic pregnancy at the same time as a potentially viable pregnancy is implanted in the uterus. Heterotopic pregnancies are most common when couples conceive following infertility treatment.
How Can You Physically Recover After Stillbirth?
After a stillbirth, a woman goes through many of the same physical changes as in a live birth, but there are special considerations and instructions for coping with the physical recovery. This article covers vaginal bleeding, pain, lactation, signs of infection, c-section, sex and contraception and signs of depression.
Can a Miscarriage Ever Be Misdiagnosed?
Naturally most women want to be absolutely certain that it's really a miscarriage before making decisions about treatment. Most doctors are very careful about being totally certain before giving a diagnosis of miscarriage, but rarely, viable pregnancies may be misdiagnosed as miscarriage.
Can a Septate Uterus Increase Your Risk of...
Having a septate uterus is a risk factor for recurrent miscarriages and preterm birth, and many doctors believe that treatment of a uterine septum can improve odds of having a successful pregnancy.
Asherman's Syndrome and Miscarriages
Asherman's syndrome, or uterine adhesions, can be a complication of a D & C and subsequently lead to problems conceiving, menstrual irregularities, or even recurrent miscarriages.
Bacterial Vaginosis and Risk of Miscarriage
Bacterial vaginosis is an imbalance of bacteria in the vagina. Symptoms can include an unpleasant fishy odor and a thin gray or white vaginal discharge. Some research suggests that bacterial vaginosis in pregnancy can cause second-trimester miscarriages and increase the risk of preterm delivery.
Can Recurrent Miscarriages Be Treated with hCG...
Can supplementing with hCG work as a treatment for recurrent miscarriages? Strangely, research suggests it might, but more studies are needed to evaluation hCG injections as a miscarriage treatment.
When Will My Period Come Back After a...
Your menstrual period should return within six to eight weeks after a miscarriage. The exact time will vary based on the circumstances of the pregnancy loss.
When Is It Safe to Conceive After Stillbirth?
Advice varies on when it is safe to conceive after stillbirth, and there are no large studies to support a specific recommendation on when to get pregnant again. There may be an elevated risk of post-traumatic stress disorder when moms get pregnant again immediately after a late pregnancy loss.
How Do You Physically Recover After a...
Recovery from a miscarriage or stillbirth will be different depending on the point in pregnancy when the pregnancy loss occurred and whether or not you had a D&C. In all losses, you will probably be advised to avoid sexual intercourse and tampons for at least two weeks and you will need a RhoGAM shot if you are Rh negative.
Terminating a Desired Pregnancy for Medical...
Selective abortion is a divisive issue and a delicate matter for parents to consider when prenatal screening results in a diagnosis of a severe chromosomal condition with a poor medical prognosis. Get both sides of the issue in this examination of pregnancy termination for health indications.
What Does It Mean if Your Baby Has Triploidy?
Triploidy means that an individual has three copies of every chromosome instead of two. The disorder is always fatal. Most pregnancies affected by triploidy will miscarry and the occasional babies who are born with triploidy usually die in their first month of life.
Does Lack or Sudden Loss of Breast Soreness...
If you are nervous about miscarriage, it is easy to start obsessing over your pregnancy symptoms or lack thereof. But if your breasts are not sore, or if your breast soreness suddenly goes away, this is not a sign of miscarriage.
Spotting During Pregnancy - Questions and Answers
Spotting during pregnancy can be scary even though you may know it's not necessarily a sign of miscarriage. Get answers to common questions about light vaginal bleeding in the first trimester, such as what implantation bleeding looks like, possible causes of spotting and what to do if you are worried about miscarriage.
Song Suggestions for a Baby or Child’s...
A list of song ideas for use in a baby or child's funeral. Some spiritual songs, and some secular songs are included. This is by no means a comprehensive list, merely suggestions to help inspire you.
Uterine Fibroids and Miscarriage
Uterine fibroids, or lumps of smooth muscle growth in the uterus, are common but appear to cause miscarriages and fertility problems in some women. Numerous treatments are available, but myomectomy is usually the best choice for women who hope to get pregnant again.
hCG (Human Chorionic Gonadotropin)
Human chorionic gonadotropin, or hCG, is a hormone associated almost exclusively with pregnancy. Levels of hCG can be useful in determining likelihood of miscarriage in early pregnancy.
Will Getting Pregnant Again Right After...
Doctors often advise waiting to get pregnant again after miscarriage, but is the wait really necessary? Will an immediate subsequent pregnancy increase the risk for another miscarriage?
D and C Pros and Cons
The D and C (dilation and curettage) is a common treatment for miscarriage, clearing the uterus as quickly as possible to minimize bleeding and pain after an early pregnancy loss. Sometimes having a D and C, also spelled D&C, is a necessity but other times it is optional. If you are asked to make the choice, here are some points to keep in mind.
Hemorrhage or Excessive Blood Loss Due to...
A rare complication of miscarriage, but one of the leading causes of maternal death.If you have excessive blood loss, seek emergency medical attention.
Can a Pap Smear Cause a Miscarriage?
Some women worry that a pap smear during pregnancy could cause a miscarriage, but there's no reason to believe that a pap smear should cause any such complications.
Is Tendency Toward Miscarriages Hereditary?
Is it possible for a tendency toward miscarriage to run in families? Research suggests it's a possibility that some causes of miscarriages are hereditary.

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